Yoga Teacher Training Forum
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April 27, 2015
What Should a Yoga Teacher Know About Anatomy? Yoga is a system, which requires a great deal of study especially for a yoga instructor as it is highly essential to know about human anatomy in order to explain to students about the disadvantages and advantages of proper body placement when performing different asanas and pranyama. It is also important to discuss about the bone structures and their movements, for that a comprehensive knowledge is required which can only be available when a yoga teacher studies about different parts of human body and how these parts function. Improper training and lack of knowledge about human anatomy may lead to vast number of physical disorders. It is a sole responsibility of the yoga instructor to guide the students and give answers to their questions with accuracy and precision.
Here are few important points that can assist a yoga instructor and guide him/her during the classes.
Key movements: It can be referred as the knowledge about different planes and the movement of several body parts. The issue is not about learning the information about them, it is about relating these set of instructions with different asanas that are performed and how those asanas affect the body movements such as flexion, rotations both internal and external. It often happen that in one asana one or two movements are repeated more than a couple of times so knowing about such movements is vital. Such as if someone is suffering from head injury and cannot do a hand stand then the instructor should know enough to replace that asana with a simpler form i.e. legs up the wall.
Bones: It is a commonly known fact that a human body comprises of 206 bones, whereas the foot of a human alone consists of 26 bones and they are most important to be learned about. If an instructor requires being accurate he/she needs to know about certain bones in the arms, legs and upper body of a human so that they can easily comprehend the basic human body structure. For example if someone is suffering from an ankle or knee twist the instructor should give correct advice and replace the poses with different ones so that the practitioner may not harm their selves more.
Joints and muscles: Asanas cannot be performed without moving the body parts. It is important for an instructor to know about the joints and muscles of the body because each and every joint takes part in different movement, hence to make yoga a safe practice it is really important to know about joints and muscles, Especially while performing risky poses instructor needs to know that what kind of movements are important for which muscle and joint. Our body consists of freely moveable muscles and joints which includes ball and socket, hinge and ellipsoid, for a yoga practitioner it is essential to know about these joints and where they are located. Before starting yoga practice spare 5 minutes in order to locate where bones, joints and muscles are situated. If a practitioner has pulled a leg or thigh muscle then it is a sole responsibility of the teacher to make that student refrain from strenuous asanas and provide easy to do replacements. Once yoga instructors get awareness of body anatomy, they can easily comprehend that which type of asanas harm the body and which will not.
April 27, 2015
Hatha yoga teachers need to be informed about anatomy. There is no excuse for not learning. If you teach a fitness style of yoga as an exercise, you must keep your students out of harm's way. Old information is irrelevant. To teach as if we are in the 19th or 20th century is foolish and will hurt your students.
April 27, 2015
As a large component of anatomy a yoga teacher should know about skeletal body. The traditional approach of yoga is over 5,000 years old and benefits of this physical activity have found their way all around the world as numbers of people belonging to all age groups are practicing yoga to reshape their bodies, to cure injury or health problems, to gain physical strength, stability and flexibility.
Yoga is the only workout routine that helps the practitioner to attain a spiritual journey by reducing levels of stress, anxiety and negative thoughts. Practice of yoga exercises are correlated with human skeletal system so when an individual performed a specific posture the entire frame work of bones, muscles and ligaments work in coordination and if there is any weakness or imbalance occurs in this coordination, severe injury and strain may cause to related organ.
Human body depends upon complex frame work of 206 bones known as skeleton, surrounded by numbers of muscles, tissues and ligaments which allow body movements to take place. The bony network performs many functions essential for human body like providing protective shield to delicate organs, this frame work of bones act as lever for muscular movements, bones also contain marrow an important substance responsible for manufacturing blood cells. The skeletal system provides ph balance by buffering blood against acid base changes occurs in body. Therefore it is important for a skilled yoga professional to have basic anatomical and physiological understanding about how body functions anatomically from energetic, structural and yoga perspective. It is the responsibility of a yoga teacher to have knowledge about proper physical alignment to avoid any harm or injury because the awareness will be helpful during conducting yoga session. The knowledge of musculo-skeletal system helps instructor for teaching students how to align their body postures, making adjustments or variation according to an individual body pace or for assisting those who are suffering for diverse medical issues.
The teacher should have the ability to design asanas that help in realignment of different skeletal disorders like arthritis, cervical spondylitis, slipped discs, spinal, knee or backache. The teacher should employed safe and secure performance of yoga exercises by giving assistance to students helpful in curing various health issues. Prevent students from practicing bodily poses that place stress or strain on muscles, joints, bones, nerves or ligaments. It is better to offer students poses that help in releasing pressure by restoring correct body placement to prevent them from damaging joints, tissues and ligaments.
The human skeletal and muscular system work together and there is incalculable interconnection between them. When there is any fault, disproportion or strain occurs it will immediately affect other system. During regular practice of yoga exercises the teacher should provide students a well thought sequence of asanas with their counter poses to keep skeletal system balanced. The teacher may also select set of poses that gently stretch all joints without any exhaustion also teach them to practice asanas helpful in lubricating joints to prevent them from stiffness. The anatomical and physiological education of trainer helps in teaching class how to use their own body weight, stabilizing load on muscles and bones, improving practitioner’s stamina, flexibility, neuro- muscular coordination and anaerobic power.
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