In ancient times, and today, bearing false witness against a neighbor could cause serious injustice, which could possibly result in capital punishment to an innocent person. This act would magnify the actual crime. If you look at the root words in Sanskrit, Sat means "true or real," while Ya means "ness." Another way to look at Satyam is to be real. For some people, this is easy; but for some other people, their ego does not allow them to be real. Look within and avoid deceiving others, but do not intentionally hurt others with the truth. Always be compassionate - especially, if the truth is going to hurt someone. Therefore, the truth is like a sword with two blades. Always be careful and use your best judgment.